Menstrual cycle isn’t always regular, some women get their periods right on schedule every 28±7 days, while other women’s cycles are easily changing. Although this change is not usually a problem, but once it occurs frequently and influences your body and cause health problems, you need to go to a practitioner and look for treatments.
Irregular menstruation cycle contains Missed, Early or late periods, menostaxis, etc.
Causes of Irregular Periods
In many cases, irregular periods are related to a condition called anovulation. Sometimes an irregular period may be due to subtler hormone imbalances. You may still be ovulating, but the timing of your ovulation can vary greatly month to month. This is because lifestyle and medical conditions can influence your menstrual cycle.
The following factors can trigger irregular or missed periods:
Extreme exercise or dieting. Exercising too much can throw off the timing of menstrual bleeding and sometimes stop it. “It’s common for endurance athletes to have missed periods,” says Autry. Being underweight, whether from extreme exercise, dieting, an eating disorder, or illness, can have the same effect.
Stress. Chronic stress or even short-term anxiety about a specific problem can wreak havoc with your hormone balance, causing a missed period and irregular cycle.
The pill.Birth control pills can make your periods lighter, or cause you to miss periods or have less or more frequent periods — or even no periods at all.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This medical condition causes tiny cysts to form on ovaries, interfering with regular ovulation. Women with PCOS usually have a history of irregular periods. In addition to causing infertility, PCOS can increase the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
Other illnesses. Thyroid disorders can cause irregular periods if blood levels of the thyroid hormone go too low or too high. Other health conditions that may cause an irregular cycle include sexually transmitted diseases, diabetes, fibroids, eating disorders, and endometriosis.
Age. When teens first start having periods, their menstrual cycles may not always be on the same schedule every month. It may take several years to settle into a pattern. In addition, missed periods and lighter or heavier periods are common as women near menopause.
When Should You Be Concerned About an Irregular Period?
A missed or irregular period may be the first clue that you have a condition that needs medical attention. “If you have consistently irregular periods, you should be evaluated for PCOS,” says Autry. “PCOS affects up to 10 percent of women of reproductive age.”
You should also be screened for thyroid disorders and other diseases that may be linked to irregular periods.
An irregular cycle can also make it more difficult to get pregnant, especially if you’re not ovulating every month. Your doctor can run tests to see if you’re ovulating. Women with irregular periods who are trying to have a baby are sometimes prescribed fertility drugs to increase ovulation. “While it’s possible to get pregnant on your own if you have irregular periods, it’s still a good idea to be checked out by a doctor just to make sure that nothing serious is going on,” recommends Autry.
Prevention and Treatment of Irregular Periods
If stress is a possible culprit in your irregular cycle, try stress management techniques, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, visualization, and biofeedback. Avoid over-exercising and try not to diet excessively, as doing so can interfere with your menstrual cycle.
Oral contraceptive pills may be prescribed to get your period back on track. But if you’d rather travel the natural treatment road, consider black cohosh. This medicinal herb is sometimes used for menstrual irregularities and premenstrual syndrome, though rigorous scientific studies haven’t verified these properties. Black cohash should not be used if you have any symptoms of or a past history of liver disease.
You may have heard that completely darkening your room at night will help regulate menstrual cycles — but whether it really works is unknown.
A couple of irregular periods per year are usually nothing to worry about. Any more than that, and you should see a doctor to be sure an ovulation problem or health condition isn’t the cause. However, you might want to rule out pregnancy first. “If you’ve had sexual relations in the past month, take a home pregnancy test first,” advises Autry. If the test is negative, then you can explore other options and talk to your doctor about how to get your menstrual cycle back on track.